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Behavioural Neurology
Volume 2014, Article ID 245358, 5 pages
Research Article

Restless Leg Syndrome and Sleep Quality in Lumbar Radiculopathy Patients

1Department of Neurosurgery, Ondokuz Mayis University, Faculty of Medicine, 55200 Samsun, Turkey
2Departments of Neurosurgery and Neuroscience, Maastricht University Medical Center, P. Debyelaan 25, 6202 AZ Maastricht, The Netherlands
3Department of Neurology, Ondokuz Mayis University, Faculty of Medicine, 55200 Samsun, Turkey

Received 13 January 2014; Revised 25 May 2014; Accepted 3 June 2014; Published 8 July 2014

Academic Editor: Frederic Blanc

Copyright © 2014 Ersoy Kocabicak et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Background. To investigate the frequency of restless leg syndrome (RLS), sleep quality impairment, depression, fatigue, and sleep behavior disorder and to determine the effects of surgery on these parameters in radiculopathy patients resistant to conservative treatment. Methods. The present study included 66 lumbar radiculopathy patients, who were resistant to conservative treatment and had indication of surgery. Five different questionnaires were performed to assess depression (the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI)), sleep quality (the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI)), fatigue (the Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS)), and presence of RLS and rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder (RBD). The same questionnaires were also performed on a control group . Results. Of the radiculopathy patients, 68.1% had RLS and 92.4% had fatigue. Of the controls, 16.4% had RLS and 59% had fatigue. RBD was present in 8 (12.1%) patients and 3 (4.9%) controls. The PSQI revealed that sleep quality was impaired in 46 (69.7%) patients and 35 (57.4%) controls . The number of individuals having substantial depression according to the BDI was significantly higher in the patients than in the controls. Conclusions. There was a significant increase in the frequency of RLS, which was significantly decreased in the postoperative period in the radiculopathy patients.