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Behavioural Neurology
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 507196, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/507196
Research Article

Personal Strengths and Health Related Quality of Life in Dementia Caregivers from Latin America

1Department of Psychology, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, USA
2Department of Psychology, Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA, USA
3Instituto San Lucas, Santa Fe, Argentina
4CETYS University, Mexicali, Mexico
5IKERBASQUE, Basque Foundation for Science, University of Deusto, Bilbao, Spain

Received 28 September 2014; Revised 13 January 2015; Accepted 20 January 2015

Academic Editor: Laura Piccardi

Copyright © 2015 Stephen K. Trapp et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The research literature has begun to demonstrate associations between personal strengths and enhanced psychosocial functioning of dementia caregivers, but these relationships have not been examined in the context of dementia caregivers in Latin America. The present study examined whether personal strengths, including resilience, optimism, and sense of coherence, were associated with mental and physical health related quality of life (HRQOL) in 130 dementia caregivers in Mexico and Argentina. Structural equation modeling found that the personal strengths collectively accounted for 58.4% of the variance in caregiver mental HRQOL, and resilience, sense of coherence, and optimism each had unique effects. In comparison, the personal strengths together accounted for 8.9% of the variance in caregiver physical HRQOL, and only sense of coherence yielded a unique effect. These results underscore the need to construct and disseminate empirically supported interventions based in part on important personal strengths, particularly sense of coherence, for this underrepresented group.