Behavioural Neurology / 2016 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Are “Theory of Mind” Skills in People with Epilepsy Related to How Stigmatised They Feel? An Exploratory Study

Table 1

Clinical and demographic characteristics of participants.

FactorsAll participants

Age (years)
 Median (IQR) 37.0 (27.0, 47.0)
  <50401 (79.7)
  ≥50102 (20.3)

Sex (n/%)
 Male 106 (21.1)
 Female397 (78.9)

Highest educational attainment (n/%)
 Basic school certificate or lower131 (26.0)
 Advanced school certificate or equivalent105 (20.9)
 University degree, diploma, or higher267 (53.1)

Employment (n/%)
 Employed (full/part-time)/student303 (60.2)
 Homemaker/others97 (19.3)
 Unemployed103 (20.5)

Epilepsy onset
 Median (IQR)18.0 (12.0, 30.0)
 ≤12 years142 (28.2)
 >12 years361 (71.8)

Marital status
 Single241 (47.9)
 Married217 (43.1)
 Divorced45 (8.9)

Duration of epilepsy
 Median (IQR)15 (6, 27)

Antiepileptic medication (n/%)
 Monotherapy or none175 (34.8)
 Polytherapy328 (65.2)

Seizures (any type) prior 12 months
 Median (IQR)5 (0, 10)
  No 151 (30.0)
  Yes352 (70.0)

Experience convulsive seizures? (n/%)
 Yes 374 (74.4)
 No 129 (25.6)

Reported cause of epilepsy
 Unknown332 (66.0)
 Acquired brain injury77 (15.3)
 Others94 (18.7)

Impact of epilepsy
 Median (IQR)−9 (14.0, −4.0)

Theory of mind test (mean, SD)
 Mind in eyes test (higher = better ToM) 6.93 (1.67)
 Faux pas test (higher = better ToM)5.84 (2.01)

Notes: IQR: interquartile range; : number; SD: standard deviation; Thapar et al. [40] scale which asks “How many attacks have you had in the last 12 months?” The patient can choose from the following ordinal categories: 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, or more.

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