Table 1: Demographic and clinical characteristics of the TBI population.

Demographic and clinical variablesFrequency (%)

Age17–30271 (34.1%)
31–44247 (31.1%)
45–68277 (34.8%)

GenderMale573 (72.1%)
Female222 (27.9%)

Time since injury<1 year93 (11.7%)
1 to <2 years102 (12.8%)
2 to <4 years203 (25.5%)
4 to 18 years394 (49.6%)

Relationship StatusPartnered403 (50.7%)
Not partnered303 (38.1%)

Highest Education levelPrimary school42 (5.3%)
Secondary school and trade or technical certificate403 (50.7%)
College diploma or degree173 (21.8%)
University degree88 (11.1%)

LivingLiving at home independently420 (52.8%)
Living at home supported245 (30.8%)
Nursing home75 (9.4%)

Help NeededYes306 (38.5%)
No427 (53.7%)

Leisure activitiesIndividual activities (internet + hobbies)425 (53.5%)
Social activities (socializing + physical activities)505 (63.5%)
Hobbies (hobbies + music)395 (49.7%)

Health ComplaintsComorbidity440 (55.3%)
Sensory/Psychosomatic631 (79.4%)
Motor/Skeletal363 (45.7%)

GCSSevere (GCS < 8)464 (58.4%)
Moderate (GCS 8–12)76 (9.6%)
Mild (GCS ≥ 13)255 (32.1%)

Glasgow Outcome Scale-Extended ScoreSevere Disability (GOSE 3-4)143 (17.9%)
Moderate Disability (GOSE 5-6)433 (54.5%)
Good Recovery (GOSE 7-8)219 (27.6%)

HADS Anxiety scoreNormal496 (62.4%)
Mild144 (18.1%)
Moderate/Severe152 (19.1%)

HADS Depression scoreNormal537 (67.5%)
Mild120 (15.1%)
Moderate/Severe132 (16.6%)