Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Behavioural Neurology
Volume 2016, Article ID 8026414, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/8026414
Clinical Study

Predictors for Return to Work in Subjects with Mild Traumatic Brain Injury

1Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Haukeland University Hospital, 5021 Bergen, Norway
2Department of Global Public Health and Primary Care, University of Bergen, 5020 Bergen, Norway
3Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Oslo University Hospital, 0424 Oslo, Norway
4Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, 0316 Oslo, Norway
5Centre for Clinical Research, Haukeland University Hospital, 5021 Bergen, Norway

Received 17 June 2015; Revised 9 September 2015; Accepted 17 January 2016

Academic Editor: Luigi Ferini-Strambi

Copyright © 2016 Eirik Vikane et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. J. D. Cassidy, L. J. Carroll, P. M. Peloso et al., “Incidence, risk factors and prevention of mild traumatic brain injury: results of the WHO Collaborating Centre Task Force on mild traumatic brain injury,” Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, vol. 36, supplement, no. 43, pp. 28–60, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. C. Cancelliere, J. D. Cassidy, P. Côté et al., “Protocol for a systematic review of prognosis after mild traumatic brain injury: an update of the WHO Collaborating Centre Task Force findings,” Systematic Reviews, vol. 1, no. 1, article 17, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. C. Cancelliere, V. L. Kristman, J. D. Cassidy et al., “Systematic review of return to work after mild traumatic brain injury: results of the international collaboration on mild traumatic brain injury prognosis,” Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 95, no. 3, supplement, pp. S201–S209, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. C. F. Ruffolo, J. F. Friedland, D. R. Dawson, A. Colantonio, and P. H. Lindsay, “Mild traumatic brain injury from motor vehicle accidents: factors associated with return to work,” Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 80, no. 4, pp. 392–408, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. M. Fourtassi, A. Hajjioui, A. E. Ouahabi, H. Benmassaoud, N. Hajjaj-Hassouni, and A. E. Khamlichi, “Long term outcome following mild traumatic brain injury in Moroccan patients,” Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery, vol. 113, no. 9, pp. 716–720, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. J. Englander, K. Hall, T. Stimpson, and S. Chaffing, “Mild traumatic brain injury in an insured population: subjective complaints and return to employment,” Brain Injury, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 161–166, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. R. E. Hanlon, J. A. Demery, Z. Martinovich, and J. P. Kelly, “Effects of acute injury characteristics on neuropsychological status and vocational outcome following mild traumatic brain injury,” Brain Injury, vol. 13, no. 11, pp. 873–887, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. M. Wäljas, G. L. Iverson, R. T. Lange et al., “Return to work following mild traumatic brain injury,” Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, vol. 29, no. 5, pp. 443–450, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. M. Saltychev, M. Eskola, O. Tenovuo, and K. Laimi, “Return to work after traumatic brain injury: systematic review,” Brain Injury, vol. 27, no. 13-14, pp. 1516–1527, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. M. Van Der Noordt, H. IJzelenberg, M. Droomers, and K. I. Proper, “Health effects of employment: a systematic review of prospective studies,” Occupational and Environmental Medicine, vol. 71, no. 10, pp. 730–736, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. T. Ownsworth and K. McKenna, “Investigation of factors related to employment outcome following traumatic brain injury: a critical review and conceptual model,” Disability and Rehabilitation, vol. 26, no. 13, pp. 765–783, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. F. Guérin, S. Kennepohl, G. Léveillé, A. Dominique, and M. McKerral, “Vocational outcome indicators in atypically recovering mild TBI: a post-intervention study,” NeuroRehabilitation, vol. 21, no. 4, pp. 295–303, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. M. Stulemeijer, S. van der Werf, G. F. Borm, and P. E. Vos, “Early prediction of favourable recovery 6 months after mild traumatic brain injury,” Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, vol. 79, no. 8, pp. 936–942, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. L. R. Salmi, J. D. Cassidy, L. Holm, C. Cancelliere, P. Côté, and J. Borg, “Introduction to the findings of the international collaboration on mild traumatic brain injury prognosis: what is a prognostic study?” Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 95, no. 3, supplement, pp. S95–S100, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. M. J. Burke, M. Fralick, N. Nejatbakhsh, M. C. Tartaglia, and C. H. Tator, “In search of evidence-based treatment for concussion: characteristics of current clinical trials,” Brain Injury, vol. 29, no. 3, pp. 300–305, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. N. S. King, “Emotional, neuropsychological, and organic factors: their use in the prediction of persisting postconcussion symptoms after moderate and mild head injuries,” Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, vol. 61, no. 1, pp. 75–81, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. J. van der Naalt, A. H. Van Zomeren, W. J. Sluiter, and J. M. Minderhoud, “One year outcome in mild to moderate head injury: the predictive value of acute injury characteristics related to complaints and return to work,” Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, vol. 66, no. 2, pp. 207–213, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. J. D. Cassidy, C. Cancelliere, L. J. Carroll et al., “Systematic review of self-reported prognosis in adults after mild traumatic brain injury: results of the international collaboration on mild traumatic brain injury prognosis,” Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 95, no. 3, supplement, pp. S132–S151, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. A. I. Drake, N. Gray, S. Yoder, M. Pramuka, and M. Llewellyn, “Factors predicting return to work following mild traumatic brain injury: a discriminant analysis,” Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 1103–1112, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. P. Nolin and L. Heroux, “Relations among sociodemographic, neurologic, clinical, and neuropsychologic variables, and vocational status following mild traumatic brain injury: a follow-up study,” Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, vol. 21, no. 6, pp. 514–526, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. L. Chamelian and A. Feinstein, “Outcome after mild to moderate traumatic brain injury: the role of dizziness,” Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 85, no. 10, pp. 1662–1666, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. S. Reynolds, C. Paniak, G. Toller-Lobe, and J. Nagy, “A longitudinal study of compensation-seeking and return to work in a treated mild traumatic brain injury sample,” Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 139–147, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. D. E. Nampiaparampil, “Prevalence of chronic pain after traumatic brain injury: a systematic review,” The Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 300, no. 6, pp. 711–719, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. S. Meares, E. A. Shores, A. J. Taylor et al., “Mild traumatic brain injury does not predict acute postconcussion syndrome,” Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, vol. 79, no. 3, pp. 300–306, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. G. Lavigne, S. Khoury, J. Chauny, and A. Desautels, “Pain and sleep in post-concussion/mild traumatic brain injury,” Pain, vol. 156, supplement 1, pp. S75–S85, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  26. B. M. Stalnacke, “Postconcussion symptoms in patients with injury-related chronic pain,” Rehabilitation Research and Practice, vol. 2012, Article ID 528265, 5 pages, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  27. M. McKerral, F. Guérin, S. Kennepohl et al., “Comments on the task force report on mild traumatic brain injury: journal of rehabilitation medicine supplement 43,” Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, vol. 37, no. 1, pp. 61–62, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  28. S. Gjesdal, P. R. Ringdal, K. Haug, and J. G. Mæland, “Predictors of disability pension in long-term sickness absence: results from a population-based and prospective study in Norway 1994–1999,” European Journal of Public Health, vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 398–405, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. L. J. Carroll, J. D. Cassidy, L. Holm, J. Kraus, and V. G. Coronado, “Methodological issues and research recommendations for mild traumatic brain injury: the WHO Collaborating Centre Task Force on mild Traumatic Brain Injury,” Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, vol. 36, no. 43, pp. 113–125, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. T. Kay, D. E. Harrington, R. Adams et al., “Definition of mild traumatic brain injury,” Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 86–87, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. G. Teasdale and B. Jennett, “Assessment of coma and impaired consciousness. A practical scale,” The Lancet, vol. 304, no. 7872, pp. 81–84, 1974. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. N. S. King, S. Crawford, F. J. Wenden, N. E. G. Moss, and D. T. Wade, “The Rivermead Post Concussion Symptoms Questionnaire: a measure of symptoms commonly experienced after head injury and its reliability,” Journal of Neurology, vol. 242, no. 9, pp. 587–592, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. M. Lannsjo, J. Borg, G. Bjorklund, J. L. Af Geijerstam, and A. Lundgren-Nilsson, “Internal construct validity of the rivermead post-concussion symptoms questionnaire,” Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, vol. 43, no. 11, pp. 997–1002, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  34. M. Laborey, F. Masson, R. Ribéreau-Gayon, D. Zongo, L. R. Salmi, and E. Lagarde, “Specificity of postconcussion symptoms at 3 months after mild traumatic brain injury: results from a comparative cohort study,” Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. E28–E36, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. L. Weisaeth, “Torture of a Norwegian ship's crew. The torture, stress reactions and psychiatric after-effects,” Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica. Supplementum, vol. 355, pp. 63–72, 1989. View at Google Scholar
  36. A. Holen, A. Sund, and L. Weiseæth, The Alexander L. Kielland Disaster March 27, 1980, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway, 1983.
  37. J. Eid, J. F. Thayer, and B. H. Johnsen, “Measuring post-traumatic stress: a psychometric evaluation of symptom- and coping questionnaires based on a Norwegian sample,” Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, vol. 40, no. 2, pp. 101–108, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. A. S. Zigmond and R. P. Snaith, “The hospital anxiety and depression scale,” Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, vol. 67, no. 6, pp. 361–370, 1983. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. R. Whelan-Goodinson, J. Ponsford, and M. Schönberger, “Validity of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale to assess depression and anxiety following traumatic brain injury as compared with the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV,” Journal of Affective Disorders, vol. 114, no. 1–3, pp. 94–102, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. H. R. Eriksen, C. Ihlebæk, and H. Ursin, “A scoring system for subjective health complaints (SHC),” Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 63–72, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. H. Ursin, I. M. Endresen, and G. Ursin, “Psychological factors and self-reports of muscle pain,” European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology, vol. 57, no. 3, pp. 282–290, 1988. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. W. W. Downie, P. A. Leatham, V. M. Rhind, V. Wright, J. A. Branco, and J. A. Anderson, “Studies with pain rating scales,” Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, vol. 37, no. 4, pp. 378–381, 1978. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. T. Lundeberg, I. Lund, L. Dahlin et al., “Reliability and responsiveness of three different pain assessments,” Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, vol. 33, no. 6, pp. 279–283, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. A. Kvåle, B. Ellertsen, and J. S. Skouen, “Relationships between physical findings (GPE-78) and psychological profiles (MMPI-2) in patients with long-lasting musculoskeletal pain,” Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 55, no. 3, pp. 177–184, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. B. Jennett, J. Snoek, M. R. Bond, and N. Brooks, “Disability after severe head injury: observations on the use of the Glasgow Outcome Scale,” Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, vol. 44, no. 4, pp. 285–293, 1981. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. J. Weir, E. W. Steyerberg, I. Butcher et al., “Does the extended glasgow outcome scale add value to the conventional glasgow outcome scale?” Journal of Neurotrauma, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 53–58, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  47. M. J. Constantino, D. B. Arnkoff, C. R. Glass, R. M. Ametrano, and J. Z. Smith, “Expectations,” Journal of Clinical Psychology, vol. 67, no. 2, pp. 184–192, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  48. P. Perel, P. Edwards, R. Wentz, and I. Roberts, “Systematic review of prognostic models in traumatic brain injury,” BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making, vol. 6, article 38, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  49. S. Vindholmen, R. Høigaard, G. A. Espnes, and S. Seiler, “Return to work after vocational rehabilitation: does mindfulness matter?” Psychology Research and Behavior Management, vol. 7, pp. 77–88, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  50. V. L. Kristman, P. Côté, S. Hogg-Johnson et al., “The burden of work disability associated with mild traumatic brain injury in ontario compensated workers: a prospective cohort study,” The Open Occupational Health & Safety Journal, vol. 2, pp. 1–8, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  51. H. L. Soberg, O. Roise, E. Bautz-Holter, and A. Finset, “Returning to work after severe multiple injuries: multidimensional functioning and the trajectory from injury to work at 5 years,” Journal of Trauma, vol. 71, no. 2, pp. 425–434, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  52. E. Vikane, T. Hellstrom, C. Røe, E. Bautz-Holter, J. Assmus, and J. S. Skouen, “Missing a follow-up after mild traumatic brain injury—does it matter?” Brain Injury, vol. 28, no. 11, pp. 1374–1380, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  53. L. J. Carroll, J. D. Cassidy, L. Holm, J. Kraus, and V. G. Coronado, “Methodological issues and research recommendations for mild traumatic brain injury: the WHO Collaborating Centre Task Force on mild Traumatic Brain Injury,” Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, vol. 36, no. 43, supplement, pp. 113–125, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  54. J. D. Corrigan, C. Harrison-Felix, J. Bogner, M. Dijkers, M. S. Terrill, and G. Whiteneck, “Systematic bias in traumatic brain injury outcome studies because of loss to follow-up,” Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 84, no. 2, pp. 153–160, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus