Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Biochemistry Research International
Volume 2010, Article ID 395758, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2010/395758
Research Article

The Cell Wall Teichuronic Acid Synthetase (TUAS) Is an Enzyme Complex Located in the Cytoplasmic Membrane of Micrococcus luteus

1Department of Biochemistry, Molecular Biology and Biophysics, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN 55108, USA
2Research Service, VA Boston Healthcare System, Boston, MA 02130, USA
3Department of Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine, 650 Albany Street, X-Rm808, Boston, MA 02118, USA
4St. Jude Medical, Inc., St. Paul, MN 55117, USA

Received 26 October 2009; Accepted 18 January 2010

Academic Editor: Robert J. Linhardt

Copyright © 2010 Lingyi Lynn Deng et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. S. Hase and Y. Matsushima, “Structural studies on a glucose-containing polysaccharideobtained from Micrococcus lysodeikticus cell walls. IV. Isolation of a disaccharide, 6-O-(strontium 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-mannopyranosyluronate)-D-glucose,” The Journal of Biochemistry, vol. 72, no. 5, pp. 1117–1128, 1972. View at Google Scholar
  2. S. D. Johnson, K. P. Lacher, and J. S. Anderson, “Carbon-13 nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopic study of teichuronic acid from Micrococcus luteus cell walls. Comparison of the polysaccharide isolated from cells with that synthesized in vitro,” Biochemistry, vol. 20, no. 16, pp. 4781–4785, 1981. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. G. L. Johnson, J. H. Hoger, J. H. Ratnayake, and J. S. Anderson, “Characterization of three intermediates in the biosynthesis of teichuronic acid of Micrococcus luteus,” Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics, vol. 235, no. 2, pp. 679–691, 1984. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. G. T. Gassner, J. P. Dickie, D. A. Damerski, J. K. Magnuson, and J. S. Anderson, “Teichuronic acid reducing terminal N-acetylglucosamine residue linked by phosphodiester to peptidoglycan of Micrococcus luteus,” Journal of Bacteriology, vol. 172, no. 5, pp. 2273–2279, 1990. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. C. I. Traxler, A. S. Goustin, and J. S. Anderson, “Elongation of teichuronic acid chains by a wall-membrane preparation from Micrococcus luteus,” Journal of Bacteriology, vol. 150, no. 2, pp. 649–656, 1982. View at Google Scholar
  6. K. M. Hildenbrandt and J. S. Anderson, “Biosynthetic elongation of isolated teichuronic acid polymers via glucosyl- and N-acetylmannosaminuronosyltransferases from solubilized cytoplasmic membrane fragments of Micrococcus luteus,” Journal of Bacteriology, vol. 172, no. 9, pp. 5160–5164, 1990. View at Google Scholar
  7. M. R. J. Salton, “Structure-function relationships of Micrococcus lysodeikticus membranes: a bacterial membrane model system,” Sub-Cellular Biochemistry, vol. 7, pp. 309–373, 1980. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. L. Deng and J. S. Anderson, “Biosynthesis of teichuronic acid in the bacterial cell wall: purification and characterization of the glucosyltransferase of Micrococcus luteus,” The Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol. 272, no. 1, pp. 479–485, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. N. J. Stark, G. N. Levy, T. E. Rohr, and J. S. Anderson, “Reactions of second stage of biosynthesis of teichuronic acid of Micrococcus lysodeikticus cell walls,” The Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol. 252, no. 10, pp. 3466–3472, 1977. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. P. J. Wolters, K. M. Hildebrandt, J. P. Dickie, and J. S. Anderson, “Polymer length of teichuronic acid released from cell walls of Micrococcus luteus,” Journal of Bacteriology, vol. 172, no. 9, pp. 5154–5159, 1990. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. L. Deng, D. L. Kasper, T. P. Krick, and M. R. Wessels, “Characterization of the linkage between the type III capsular polysaccharide and the bacterial cell wall of group B streptococcus,” The Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol. 275, no. 11, pp. 7497–7504, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. A. R. Gilby, A. V. Few, and K. McQuillen, “The chemical composition of the protoplast membrane of Micrococcus lysodeikticus,” Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 21–29, 1958. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. J. H. Johnson and E. A. Grula, “Cell membrane phospholipids and their constituent fatty acids in dividing and nondividing cells of Micrococcus lysodeikticus,” Canadian Journal of Microbiology, vol. 26, no. 6, pp. 658–665, 1980. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. P. L. DeAngelis, J. Papaconstantinou, and P. H. Weigel, “Molecular cloning, identification, and sequence of the hyaluronan synthase gene from group A Streptococcus pyogenes,” The Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol. 268, no. 26, pp. 19181–19184, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. C. E. Rubens, L. M. Heggen, R. F. Haft, and M. R. Wessels, “Identification of cpsD, a gene essential for type III capsule expression in group B streptococci,” Molecular Microbiology, vol. 8, no. 5, pp. 843–855, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. S. J. DeKimpe, M. Kengatharan, C. Thiemermann, and J. R. Vane, “The cell wall components peptidoglycan and lipotechoic acid from Staphylococcus aureus act in synergy to cause shock and multiple organ failure,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 92, pp. 10359–10363, 1995. View at Google Scholar
  17. T. Monodane, Y. Kawabata, S. Yang, S. Hase, and H. Takada, “Induction of tumour necrosis factor-α and interleukin-6 in mice in vivo and in murine peritoneal macrophages and human whole blood cells in vitro by Micrococcus luteus teichuronic acids,” Journal of Medical Microbiology, vol. 50, pp. 4–12, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  18. M. R. Wessels, A. E. Moses, J. B. Goldberg, and T. J. DiCesare, “Hyaluronic acid capsule is a virulence factor for mucoid group A streptococci,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 88, no. 19, pp. 8317–8321, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. C. C. Kao and L. Sequeira, “A gene cluster required for coordinated biosynthesis of lipopolysaccharide and extracellular polysaccharide also affects virulence of Pseudomonas solanacearum,” Journal of Bacteriology, vol. 173, no. 24, pp. 7841–7847, 1991. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. J. S. Anderson, M. Matsuhashi, M. A. Haskin, and J. L. Strominger, “Biosythesis of the peptidoglycan of bacterial cell walls. II. Phospholipid carriers in the reaction sequence,” The Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol. 242, no. 13, pp. 3180–3190, 1967. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. L. Deng and M. R. Wessels, “Glycolipid intermediates in biosynthesis of group B streptococcal capsular polysaccharide,” Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, vol. 418, pp. 623–625, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus