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Biochemistry Research International
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 850924, 13 pages
Review Article

The Role of System-Specific Molecular Chaperones in the Maturation of Molybdoenzymes in Bacteria

Department of Molecular Enzymology, Institute of Biochemistry and Biology, University of Potsdam, 14476 Potsdam, Germany

Received 30 June 2010; Accepted 31 August 2010

Academic Editor: Emil Pai

Copyright © 2011 Meina Neumann and Silke Leimkühler. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Biogenesis of prokaryotic molybdoenzymes is a complex process with the final step representing the insertion of a matured molybdenum cofactor (Moco) into a folded apoenzyme. Usually, specific chaperones of the XdhC family are required for the maturation of molybdoenzymes of the xanthine oxidase family in bacteria. Enzymes of the xanthine oxidase family are characterized to contain an equatorial sulfur ligand at the molybdenum center of Moco. This sulfur ligand is inserted into Moco while bound to the XdhC-like protein and before its insertion into the target enzyme. In addition, enzymes of the xanthine oxidase family bind either the molybdopterin (Mo-MPT) form of Moco or the modified molybdopterin cytosine dinucleotide cofactor (MCD). In both cases, only the matured cofactor is inserted by a proofreading process of XdhC. The roles of these specific XdhC-like chaperones during the biogenesis of enzymes of the xanthine oxidase family in bacteria are described.