Biochemistry Research International / 2014 / Article / Tab 1

Review Article

Microbial Tyrosinases: Promising Enzymes for Pharmaceutical, Food Bioprocessing, and Environmental Industry

Table 1

Biochemical properties of tyrosinase.

SourcesMW kDa/DaOptimum temperatureOptimum pHpIkM (mM)Specific activityReferences

Aeromonas media 5800050°C8.04.90.6434 µmol/min/mg[55]
Beta vulgaris 4100025°C6.0NR0.067NR[56]
Lentinula boryana 20, 27, 4750°C6.0NR1.9 (L-DOPA)NR[14]
Neurospora crassa 46NR5.0NR0.18540 µmol/min/mg[9]
Agaricus bisporus 11280025°C7.04.750.36 (L-tyrosine)8300 µmol/min/mg[57]
Lentinula edodes 70, 105NR6.54.30.85 (L-DOPA)NR[11]
Aspergillus oryzae 675.0–6.0NRNRNRNR[58]
Pycnoporus sanguineus 4500025°C6.54.550.9 (L-DOPA)3.2 µmol/min/mg[13]
Trichoderma reesei 43.230°C9.09.57.5 (L-DOPA)NR[47]
Streptomyces glaucescens 3.09NRNRNR0.41 (L-tyrosine)[59]
Aspergillus nidulans 50.48NR7.0NRNRNR[60]
Bacillus megaterium 31000
35000
50°C7.0NR0.075 (L-tyrosine)
0.35 (L-DOPA)
NR[41]
Bacillus thuringiensis NR75°C9.0NR0.563 (L-tyrosine)
0.768 (L-DOPA)
NR[61]
Streptomyces sp. 3200035°C7.0NR1.25 (L-tyrosine)
4.14 (L-DOPA)
130 µmol/min/mg[62]
Pseudomonas putida 36000
39000
30°C7.0NR0.23 (L-tyrosine)
0.33 (L-DOPA)
0.375 µmol/min/mg[20]

NR: not reported; DOPA: dihydroxyphenylalanine.

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