Table 5: Genetic engineering for biodegradation of contaminants.

MicroorganismsModificationContaminantsReference

Pseudomonas. putidapathway4-ethylbenzoateRamos et al. [100]
P. putida KT2442pathwaytoluene/benzoatePanke and Sanchezromero [101]
Pseudomonas sp.FRIpathwaychloro-, methylbenzoatesRojo et al. [102]
Comamonas. testosteroni
VP44
substrate specificityo-, p-monochlorobiphenylsHrywna et al. [103]
Pseudomonas sp. LB400substrate specificityPCBErickson and Mondello [104]
P. pseudoalcaligenes
KF707-D2
substrate specificityTCE, toluene, benzeneSuyama et al. [105]