Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Biotechnology Research International
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 450802, 26 pages
Review Article

Biotechnological Tools for Environmental Sustainability: Prospects and Challenges for Environments in Nigeria—A Standard Review

1Industrial Biochemistry and Environmental Biotechnology Unit, Chemical Sciences Department, Godfrey Okoye University, P.M.B. 01014, Enugu, Nigeria
2Pure and Industrial Chemistry Unit, Chemical Sciences Department, Godfrey Okoye University, P.M.B. 01014, Enugu, Nigeria
3Pollution Control and Biotechnology Unit, Department of Biochemistry, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Enugu State, Nigeria

Received 13 June 2011; Revised 13 December 2011; Accepted 13 December 2011

Academic Editor: Manuel Canovas

Copyright © 2012 Chukwuma S. Ezeonu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The environment is a very important component necessary for the existence of both man and other biotic organisms. The degree of sustainability of the physical environment is an index of the survival and well-being of the entire components in it. Additionally, it is not sufficient to try disposing toxic/deleterious substances with any known method. The best method of sustaining the environment is such that returns back all the components (wastes) in a recyclable way so that the waste becomes useful and helps the biotic and abiotic relationship to maintain an aesthetic and healthy equilibrium that characterizes an ideal environment. In this study, the method investigated includes biological method of environmental sustainability which seeks to investigate the various biotechnological tools (biotools) in current use and those undergoing investigations for future use.