Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Critical Care Research and Practice
Volume 2012, Article ID 945805, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/945805
Research Article

Characterization of Bacterial Etiologic Agents of Biofilm Formation in Medical Devices in Critical Care Setup

1Department of Microbiology, Government Medical College, Surat, Veer Narmad South Gujarat University, Surat 395001, India
2Department of Forensic Medicine, Government Medical College, Surat, Veer Narmad South Gujarat University, Surat 395001, India

Received 1 July 2011; Revised 22 September 2011; Accepted 21 October 2011

Academic Editor: Maxime Cannesson

Copyright © 2012 Sangita Revdiwala et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. R. M. Donlan, “Biofilm formation: a clinically relevant microbiological process,” Clinical Infectious Diseases, vol. 33, no. 8, pp. 1387–1392, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed · View at Scopus
  2. R. M. Donlan, “Biofilms and device-associated infections,” Emerging Infectious Diseases, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 277–281, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. V. Holá, F. Růžička, and M. Votava, “The dynamics of Staphylococcus epidermis biofilm formation in relation to nutrition, temperature, and time,” Scripta Medica, vol. 79, no. 3, pp. 169–174, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. S. Stepanovic, D. Vukovic, P. Jezek, M. Pavlovic, and M. Svabic-Vlahovic, “Influence of dynamic conditions on biofilm formation by staphylococci,” European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases, vol. 20, no. 7, pp. 502–504, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  5. M. A. Deighton and B. Balkau, “Adherence measured by microtiter assay as a virulence marker for Staphylococcus epidermidis infections,” Journal of Clinical Microbiology, vol. 28, no. 11, pp. 2442–2447, 1990. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. A. Gelosia, L. Baldassarri, M. Deighton, and T. van Nguyen, “Phenotypic and genotypic markers of Staphylococcus epidermidis virulence,” Clinical Microbiology and Infection, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 193–199, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. W. M. Dunne Jr., E. O. Mason Jr., and S. L. Kaplan, “Diffusion of rifampin and vancomycin through a Staphylococcus epidermidis biofilm,” Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, vol. 37, no. 12, pp. 2522–2526, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. I. I. Raad, M. F. Sabbagh, K. H. Rand, and R. J. Sherertz, “Quantitative tip culture methods and the diagnosis of central venous catheter-related infections,” Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 13–20, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. R. Rao, R. Karthika, S. Singh et al., “Correlation between biofilm production and multiple drug resistance in imipenem resistant clinical isolates of Acinetobacter baumannii,” Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology, vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 333–337, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. B. P. de Rossi, M. Calenda, C. Vay, and M. Franco, “Biofilm formation by Stenotrophomonas maltophilia isolates from device-associated nosocomial infections,” Revista Argentina de Microbiología, vol. 39, no. 4, pp. 204–212, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. S. Jayanthi, M. Ananthasubramanian, and B. Appalaraju, “Assessment of pheromone response in biofilm forming clinical isolates of high level gentamicin resistant Enterococcus faecalis,” Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology, vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 248–251, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. F. Eftekhar and Z. Mirmohamadi, “Evaluation of biofilm production by Staphylococcus epidermidis isolates from nosocomial infections and skin of healthy volunteers,” International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences, vol. 1, no. 10, pp. 438–441, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  13. G. Christensen, W. Simpson, J. Younger et al., “Adherence of coagulase-negative Staphylococci to plastic tissue culture plates: a 24 quantitative model for the adherence of staphylococci to medical devices,” Journal of Clinical Microbiology, vol. 22, pp. 996–1006, 1985. View at Google Scholar
  14. S. Stepanovic, I. Cirkovic, L. Ranin, and M. Svabic-Vlahovic, “Biofilm formation by Salmonella 28 spp. And Listeria monocytogenes on plastic surface,” Letters in Applied Microbiology, vol. 38, no. 5, pp. 428–432, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  15. E. Tenorio, T. Saeki, K. Fujita et al., “Systematic characterization of Escherichia coli genes/ORFs affecting biofilm formation,” FEMS Microbiology Letters, vol. 225, no. 1, pp. 107–114, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. C. Feldman, M. Kassel, J. Cantrell et al., “The presence and sequence of endotracheal tube colonization in patients undergoing mechanical ventilation,” European Respiratory Journal, vol. 13, pp. 546–551, 1999. View at Google Scholar
  17. D. J. Stickler, “Bacterial biofilms and the encrustation of urethral catheters,” Biofouling, vol. 94, pp. 293–305, 1996. View at Google Scholar