Critical Care Research and Practice / 2018 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

The Effect of Support Surfaces on the Incidence of Pressure Injuries in Critically Ill Patients: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Table 1

Comparison of the clinical characteristics and prognostic scores of the groups of patients in the study.

Total ()Group 1 ()Group 2 () value

Age (years), mean (SD)67.9 (18.8)71.5 (18.0)64.2 (19.2)0.127
Masculine, N (%)33 (53.2)15 (48.3)18 (58.0)0.305
BMI, mean (SD)27.6 (4.8)27.1 (4.1)28.0 (5.5)0.496
Braden, mean (SD)10.8 (1.7)10.8 (1.7)10.9 (1.7)0.884
SAPS 3, mean (SD)69.4 (14.9)70.8 (15.2)67.9 (14.7)0.444
SOFA, mean (SD)8.3 (4.2)8.4 (4.5)8.2 (3.9)0.834
LOS ICU (days), median (ITQ)11.5 (7.5–22.0)15.0 (8.5–23.5)10.0 (4.5–22.0)0.152
LOS hospital (days), median (ITQ)18.5 (10.5–29.0)22.0 (14.5–37.5)15.0 (8.5–25.0)0.036

Group 1 = pyramidal; Group 2 = viscoelastic; ITQ: interquartile range; BMI: body mass index; SD: standard deviation; ICU: intensive care unit; SAPS 3: simplified acute physiology score; SOFA: sequential organ failure assessment; LOS: length of stay. Student’s t-test; chi-squared test; Mann–Whitney test.