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Child Development Research
Volume 2012, Article ID 610192, 10 pages
Research Article

Math Anxiety Questionnaire: Similar Latent Structure in Brazilian and German School Children

1Department of Neuropsychology, Institute of Psychology, Karl-Franzens University of Graz, Universitätsplatz 2/III. 8020, Graz, Austria
2Developmental Neuropsychology Laboratory, Department of Psychology, Federal University of Minas Gerais, 31270-901 Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil
3Neuroscience Graduate Program, Federal University of Minas Gerais, 31270-901 Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil
4Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behavior, Radboud University Nijmegen, 106525 GA Nijmegen, The Netherlands
5Child Neuropsychology Section, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, RWTH Aachen University, 52074 Aachen, Germany
6Institute of Applied Psychology, UMIT-The Health and Life Science University, Eduard Wallnöfer Zentrum 1, 6060 Hall in Tyrol, Austria

Received 21 May 2012; Revised 21 October 2012; Accepted 21 October 2012

Academic Editor: Ann Dowker

Copyright © 2012 Guilherme Wood et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Math anxiety is a relatively frequent phenomenon often related to low mathematics achievement and dyscalculia. In the present study, the German and the Brazilian versions of the Mathematics Anxiety Questionnaire (MAQ) were examined. The two-dimensional structure originally reported for the German MAQ, that includes both affective and cognitive components of math anxiety was reproduced in the Brazilian version. Moreover, mathematics anxiety also was found to increase with age in both populations and was particularly associated with basic numeric competencies and more complex arithmetics. The present results suggest that mathematics anxiety as measured by the MAQ presents the same internal structure in culturally very different populations.