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Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
Volume 2011, Article ID 128581, 9 pages
Research Article

Fifteen Dimensions of Health among Community-Dwelling Older Singaporeans

1Program in Health Services and Systems Research, Duke-National University of Singapore Graduate Medical School, 8 College Road, Level 4, Singapore 169857
2Department of Sociology, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117570
3Department of Community and Family Medicine, Duke University, Durham, NC 27710, USA

Received 27 May 2011; Revised 24 August 2011; Accepted 26 August 2011

Academic Editor: Ann L. Gruber-Baldini

Copyright © 2011 Chetna Malhotra et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This paper aims to present a broad perspective of health of older Singaporeans spanning 15 health dimensions and study the association between self-rated health (SRH) and other health dimensions. Using data from a survey of 5000 Singaporeans (≥60 years), SRH and health in 14 other dimensions were assessed. Generalized logit model was used to assess contribution of these 14 dimensions to positive and negative SRH, compared to average SRH. About 86% reported their health to be average or higher. Prevalence of positive SRH and “health” in most other dimensions was lower in older age groups. Positive and negative SRH were associated with mobility, hearing, vision, major physical illness, pain, personal mastery, depressive symptoms, and perceived financial adequacy. The findings show that a majority of older Singaporeans report themselves as healthy overall and in a wide range of health dimensions.