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Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 539073, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/539073
Clinical Study

Prevalence of Falls and Its Associated Factors among Elderly Diabetes in a Tertiary Center, Malaysia

1Department of Family Medicine, School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Malaysia
2Department of Opthalmology, School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Malaysia

Received 19 February 2012; Accepted 5 April 2012

Academic Editor: Arnold B. Mitnitski

Copyright © 2012 A. K. Azidah et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to determine the prevalence of falls and its associated factors among elderly diabetes type 2 patients attending a tertiary center in Malaysia. We conducted a cross-sectional study among 288 elderly diabetes type 2. The data collected includes data on sociodemographic, diabetes history, comorbid diseases, drug use, and activity of daily living (Barthel’s index). The patient also was examined physically, and balance and gait assessment was carried out. Prevalence of falls among elderly diabetes was 18.8%. Female gender (OR: 2.54, ), age group more than 75 (OR: 2.97, ), retinopathy (OR: 2.19, ), and orthostatic hypotension (OR: 2.87, ) were associated with higher risk for falls. High balance and gait score was associated with reduced risk of fall in elderly diabetes (OR: 0.89, ). In conclusion, the factors that are associated with higher risk for falls among elderly diabetes were female sex, age group more than 75, presence of retinopathy, and orthostatic hypotension. Those who had higher balance and gait score were found to be less likely to fall compared with those with lower score.