Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research / 2014 / Article / Tab 3

Review Article

The Benefit of Pets and Animal-Assisted Therapy to the Health of Older Individuals

Table 3

Studies on the use of animals on physical activity.

StudyType of study Summary of results

Temple et al. [40]Prospective, observational48Pet owners more likely to use parks

Reeves et al. [41]Telephone survey5902Dog walkers most likely to perform leisure-time physical activity

Moudon et al. [42]Telephone survey608Dog owners more likely to walk (O.R. = 1.69)

Thorpe et al. [44]In-person questionnaire survey3075Dog owners more likely to engage in physical activity, walking

Feng et al. [43]Prospective, observational545Dog walking associated with physical activity (measured by accelerometer carried by subjects)

Yabroff et al. [45]Telephone survey41,514Dog owners walked longer times

Raina et al. [46] Telephone survey1054Pet owners experienced slower deterioration in activities of daily living

Oka and Shibata [47]Online survey5253Dog walkers had more physical activity

Dembicki and Anderson [48]Cross-sectional, observational study127Dog owners walked longer times

Schofield et al. [49]Telephone survey1237Dog ownership not associated with recommended physical activity large dog owners walked more than small dog owners