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Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
Volume 2016, Article ID 5978523, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/5978523
Review Article

Clinical Screening Tools for Sarcopenia and Its Management

1Aged and Extended Care Services, The Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Central Adelaide Local Health Network, 28 Woodville Road, Woodville South, Adelaide, SA 5011, Australia
2Adelaide Geriatrics Training and Research with Aged Care (G-TRAC) Centre, School of Medicine and Faculty of Health Science, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5000, Australia
3Centre of Research Excellence: Frailty Trans-Disciplinary Research to Achieve Healthy Aging, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5000, Australia

Received 4 November 2015; Accepted 29 December 2015

Academic Editor: Marco Malavolta

Copyright © 2016 Solomon C. Y. Yu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Sarcopenia, an age-related decline in muscle mass and function, is affecting the older population worldwide. Sarcopenia is associated with poor health outcomes, such as falls, disability, loss of independence, and mortality; however it is potentially treatable if recognized and intervened early. Over the last two decades, there has been significant expansion of research in this area. Currently there is international recognition of a need to identify the condition early for intervention and prevention of the disastrous consequences of sarcopenia if left untreated. There are currently various screening tools proposed. As yet, there is no consensus on the best tool. Effective interventions of sarcopenia include physical exercise and nutrition supplementation. This review paper examined the screening tools and interventions for sarcopenia.