Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 7574040, 9 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/7574040
Research Article

Do Changes in Welfare and Health Policy Affect Life Satisfaction of Older Citizens in Europe?

1Foundation Research and Advice in Care for Elderly (RACE), Heggerweg 2a, 6176 RB Spaubeek, Netherlands
2Faculty of Medicine, University of Medicine and Pharmacy “Grigore T. Popa”, 16 University Street, 700115 Iasi, Romania
3University Medical Centre, University of Groningen, P.O. Box 30001, 9700 RB Groningen, Netherlands

Correspondence should be addressed to Wim J. A. van den Heuvel; moc.liamtoh@miwlevueh

Received 8 May 2017; Accepted 14 August 2017; Published 25 September 2017

Academic Editor: Tomasz Kostka

Copyright © 2017 Marinela Olaroiu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objectives. Ageing of societies causes serious political concerns on well-being of old citizens and care for the (frail) old. These concerns increased with the economic crisis of 2008. In European countries policy measures were taken to deal with the consequences of this crisis. This study explores the possible effects of these measures on life satisfaction of older citizens. Methods. Life satisfaction was assessed through international surveys in 2007 and 2013 and changes in societal conditions, using eight indicators on demography, welfare, and health, are assessed in 31 European countries in 2006 and in 2014. Data are standardised and based on official, national surveys and statistics. Results. The former found that U-shape relationship between age and life satisfaction disappeared after the crisis. Negative changes in social protection and care arrangements, taken after the economic crisis, are related to low life satisfaction in old citizens. Conclusions. Various societal conditions deteriorated in 2014 as compared to 2006. Policy measures, taken due to the 2008 economic crisis, have changed societal conditions and affected life satisfaction of older citizens negatively. In countries with a rudimentary structure of health and welfare provisions old citizens could not cope with the imposed policy measures.