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Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
Volume 2018, Article ID 5964305, 8 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/5964305
Research Article

Prevalence and Risk Factors Associated with Injurious Falls among Community-Dwelling Older Adults in Indonesia

1ASEAN Institute for Health Development, Mahidol University, Salaya, Thailand
2Department of Research & Innovation, University of Limpopo, Turfloop, South Africa
3Department for Management of Science and Technology Development, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
4Faculty of Pharmacy, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

Correspondence should be addressed to Karl Peltzer; nv.ude.tdt@reztlep.lrak

Received 9 January 2018; Accepted 19 February 2018; Published 3 June 2018

Academic Editor: Jacek Witkowski

Copyright © 2018 Supa Pengpid and Karl Peltzer. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. To assess the prevalence and health correlates of fall-related injury in a national population-based community-dwelling sample of older Indonesians. Methods. Participants were 6698 older adults, 50 years and older (median age 58.0 years, IQR=11.0, and age range of 50–101 years), who took part in in the Indonesia Family Life Survey (IFLS-5) in 2014-15. They provided information about sociodemographic, various health variables, including a falling down and received treatment history in the last two years. Results. Overall, 12.8% had one or more fall-related injuries in the past two years, 14.0% among women and 11.5% among men, 7.6% had a single fall, and 5.2% multiple fall-related injuries in the past two years. In multivariable logistic regression models, having two or more chronic conditions, urinary problems, and functional disability was independently associated with multiple fall-related injuries in the past two years in both sexes. Sex-specific risk factors were former tobacco use, having or having had a cataract, sleep disturbance, and sleep impairment in men and poorer economic background, depression symptoms, and low cognitive functioning in women. Conclusion. A significant proportion of older adults in Indonesia have fall-related injury. Several homogenous between the sexes and sex-specific risk factors for fall-related injury were identified that can help in designing fall-prevention strategies.