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Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 370850, 3 pages
Research Article

Metabolic Risk Factors, Leisure Time Physical Activity, and Nutrition in German Children and Adolescents

1Atherosclerosis Prevention Institute, Munich-Nuremberg, 81477 Munich, Germany
2Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich, 80539 Munich, Germany

Received 4 April 2012; Accepted 17 April 2012

Academic Editor: Roya Kelishadi

Copyright © 2012 Gerda-Maria Haas et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Purpose. We assessed the five components of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) as defined by the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) in 6040 (3158 males) youths aged 6–16 years who participated in the Präventions-Erziehungs-Programm (PEP Family Heart Study) in Nuernberg between 2000 and 2007. The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to examine associations with lifestyle habits. Results and Discussion. The prevalence of MetS was low in children (1.6%) and adolescents (2.3%). High waist circumference (WC) and low HDL-C were slightly higher in females (9.5% and 7.5%, resp.) than in males (8.8% and 5.7%, resp.). Low leisure time physical activity (LTPA) was significantly associated with low HDL-C (odds ratio [OR] 2.4; 95% CI 1.2–5.0) and inversely associated with hypertension ( 𝑟 = 0 . 1 4 6 ), hypertriglyceridemia ( 𝑟 = 0 . 1 4 1 ), and central adiposity ( 𝑟 = 0 . 2 5 8 ). The risk for low HDL-C (≤1.3 mmol/L) was 1.7-fold (CI 1.0–2.6) higher in youth with high (≥33%) saturated fat consumption. A low polyunsaturated/saturated fat ratio (P/S ratio) was significantly associated with fasting hyperglycemia (OR 1.4; 95% CI 1.0–1.2).