Cholesterol / 2012 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

The Triglyceride to HDL Ratio and Its Relationship to Insulin Resistance in Pre- and Postpubertal Children: Observation from the Wausau SCHOOL Project

Table 2

Clinical characteristics: TG/HDL ratio <3 compared to ≥3.

CharacteristicTG/HDL ratio <3TG/HDL ratio ≥3P value

TC (mg/dl)173.0 28.6180.2 38.5P =0.294
LDL (mg/dl)115.4 25.6120.0 32.2P =0.352
HDL (mg/dl)48.3 9.236.7 7.0P <0.001
LDL # (nmol/L)1147.3 238.01353.9 388.2P =0.004
LDL Size (nm)21.5 .3620.9 .56P <0.001
HOMA-IR1.46 1.293.29 4.3P =0.017
QUICKI.38 .04.34 .03P <0.001
WH ratio.84 .10.86 .09P =0.269
zBMI.22 1.391.03 1.05P =0.001
BP-systolic (mmHg)105.0 14.9117.2 15.4P <0.001
BP-diastolic (mmHg)65.9 9.870.2 8.2P =0.014
Glucose (mg/dl)83.7 6.286.0 7.0P =0.050
% with elevated BP34 (17%)15 (43%)P =0.001

TG: triglyceride, TC: total cholesterol, LDL: low-density lipoprotein, HDL: high-density lipoprotein, LDL #: no. of LDL particles, LDL Size: Size of LDL particles, HOMA-IR: homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance, QUICKI: quantitative insulin sensitivity check index, WH: waist hip, zBMI: age- and sex- corrected body mass index, TG/HDL: ratio of TG to HDL, BP-systolic: systolic blood pressure, BP-diastolic: diastolic blood pressure.
*All P values are based on independent t-tests, except the last, which is based on a Chi-square with 1df. Elevated BP is defined as systolic >120 or diastolic >80.