Table of Contents
Volume 2014, Article ID 720507, 6 pages
Clinical Study

Effects of Atorvastatin on Resting and Peak Exercise Blood Pressure among Normotensive Men and Women

1Henry Low Heart Center, Hartford Hospital, Hartford, CT 06102, USA
2University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA
3University of Hartford, West Hartford, CT 06117, USA
4University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003, USA

Received 5 August 2014; Revised 28 October 2014; Accepted 28 October 2014; Published 18 November 2014

Academic Editor: Gordon Ferns

Copyright © 2014 Amanda L. Zaleski et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Statins are the most widely prescribed and effective medication for reducing low density lipoprotein cholesterol. Statins may also lower resting blood pressure (BP); however, results are inconsistent. We sought to determine if the maximum dose of atorvastatin reduces resting BP and the peak systolic BP (SBP) achieved on a graded exercise stress test (GEST) among a large sample of 419 healthy men (48%) and women (52%). Subjects (419,  yr) were double-blinded and randomized to 80 mgd−1 of atorvastatin () or placebo () for 6 mo. Among the total sample, there were no differences in resting BP (SBP, ; diastolic BP [DBP], ; mean arterial pressure (); or peak SBP on a GEST ()) over 6 mo, regardless of drug treatment group. However, among women on atorvastatin, resting SBP/DBP ( mmHg,  mmHg, ) and peak SBP on a GEST ( mmHg, ) were lower versus men. Atorvastatin lowered resting BP 3-4 mmHg and peak SBP on a GEST ~7 mmHg more among women than men over 6 mo of treatment. The inconsistent findings regarding the antihypertensive effects of statins may be partially explained by not accounting for sex effects.