Table 3: Baseline demographic, clinical, and biochemical characteristics of the subjects in the control and plant stanol ester groups.

VariableControl group
Plant stanol ester group

Sex, male (, %)22 (48.9)16 (37.2)
Age (years)
Body weight (kg)
Height (cm)
BMI (kg/m2)
Abdominal circumference (cm)
Premenopausal of the women (, %)14 (60.9)14 (51.9)
Smoking habits, smokers (, %)5 (11.1)7 (16.3)
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)110 (103–123)118 (110–120)
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)70 (68–80)70 (70–80)
Fasting blood glucose (mg/dL)94 (88–98)95 (91–99)

Data are presented as mean ± SD or median (quartile 1–quartile 3). Differences between control and plant stanol ester groups were not statistically significant (independent samples t-test, chi-square test).