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Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience
Volume 2018, Article ID 3956536, 12 pages
Research Article

Brain State Decoding Based on fMRI Using Semisupervised Sparse Representation Classifications

1State Key Laboratory of Cognitive Neuroscience and Learning & IDG/McGovern Institute for Brain Research, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
2School of Information Science & Technology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Zhiying Long; moc.361@gniyksirf

Received 30 October 2017; Revised 5 February 2018; Accepted 27 February 2018; Published 19 April 2018

Academic Editor: João Manuel R. S. Tavares

Copyright © 2018 Jing Zhang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Multivariate classification techniques have been widely applied to decode brain states using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Due to variabilities in fMRI data and the limitation of the collection of human fMRI data, it is not easy to train an efficient and robust supervised-learning classifier for fMRI data. Among various classification techniques, sparse representation classifier (SRC) exhibits a state-of-the-art classification performance in image classification. However, SRC has rarely been applied to fMRI-based decoding. This study aimed to improve SRC using unlabeled testing samples to allow it to be effectively applied to fMRI-based decoding. We proposed a semisupervised-learning SRC with an average coefficient (semiSRC-AVE) method that performed the classification using the average coefficient of each class instead of the reconstruction error and selectively updated the training dataset using new testing data with high confidence to improve the performance of SRC. Simulated and real fMRI experiments were performed to investigate the feasibility and robustness of semiSRC-AVE. The results of the simulated and real fMRI experiments showed that semiSRC-AVE significantly outperformed supervised learning SRC with an average coefficient (SRC-AVE) method and showed better performance than the other three semisupervised learning methods.