Table 3: CEC 2014 benchmark functions.

FunctionnRangeFmin

F26 (CEC1: rotated high-conditioned elliptic function)30, 100[−100, 100]100
F27 (CEC2: rotated bent cigar function)30, 100[−100, 100]200
F28 (CEC4: shifted and rotated Rosenbrock’s function)30, 100[−100, 100]400
F29 (CEC17: hybrid function 1)30, 100[−100, 100]1700
F30 (CEC23: composition function 1)30, 100[−100, 100]2300
F31 (CEC24: composition function 2)30, 100[−100, 100]2400
F32 (CEC25: composition function 3)30, 100[−100, 100]2500