Table of Contents
Chinese Journal of Biology
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 146030, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/146030
Review Article

Metagenomics: An Application Based Perspective

Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, Tezpur University, Tezpur, Assam 784028, India

Received 26 May 2014; Revised 14 August 2014; Accepted 15 August 2014; Published 21 August 2014

Academic Editor: Jingyuan Song

Copyright © 2014 Yasir Bashir et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Metagenomics deals with the isolation of genetic material directly recovered from environmental samples. Metagenomics as an approach has emerged over the past two decades to elucidate a host of microbial communities inhabiting a specific niche with the goal of understanding their genetic diversity, population structure, and ecological role played by them. A number of new and novel molecules with significant functionalities and applications have been identified through this approach. In fact, many investigators are engaged in this field to unlock the untapped genetic resources with funding from governments sector. The sustainable economic future of modern industrialized societies requires the development of novel molecules, enzymes, processes, products, and applications. Metagenomics can also be applied to solve practical challenges in the field of medicine, agriculture, sustainability, and ecology. Metagenomics promises to provide new molecules and novel enzymes with diverse functions and enhanced features compared to the enzymes from the culturable microorganisms. Besides the application of metagenomics for unlocking novel biocatalysts from nature, it also has found applications in fields as diverse as bioremediation, personalized medicine, xenobiotic metabolism, and so forth.