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Chinese Journal of Engineering
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 321908, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/321908
Research Article

Studying the Effect of Some Surfactants on Drag Reduction of Crude Oil Flow

1Chemical Engineering Department, College of Engineering, University of Baghdad, Al Jadriya, Baghdad, Iraq
2Chemical Engineering Department, College of Engineering, University of Diyala, Baquba 32001, Daiyla, Iraq

Received 10 July 2013; Accepted 4 September 2013

Academic Editors: G. Chen, B. Ma, and C. Pham-Huu

Copyright © 2013 Ali A. Abdul-Hadi and Anees A. Khadom. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The influence of SDBS, SLS, SLES, and SS as drag reducing agents on flow of Iraqi crude oil in pipelines was investigated in the present work. The effect of additive type, additive concentration, pipe diameter, solution flow rate, and the presence of elbows on the percentage of drag reduction (%Dr) and the amount of flow increases (%FI) was addressed. The maximum drag reduction was 55% obtained at 250 ppm SDBS surfactant flowing in straight pipes of 0.0508 m I.D. The dimensional analysis was used for grouping the significant quantities into dimensionless groups to reduce the number of variables. The results showed good agreement between the observed drag reduction percent values and the predicted ones with high value of the correlation coefficient.