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Chinese Journal of Engineering
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 561935, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/561935
Research Article

Assessment of Municipal Solid Waste Management System in a Developing Country

1Department of Civil Engineering, University Putra Malaysia (UPM), 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
2Materials Processing & Technology Lab, Institute of Advanced Technology, University Putra Malaysia (UPM), 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
3Department of Civil Engineering, Khulna University of Engineering and Technology, Khulna 920300, Bangladesh
4e-School of Health and Environmental Studies, Hamdan Bin Mohamed Electronic University, P.O. Box 71400 Dubai, UAE
5Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Institut Teknologi Brunei, Bandar Seri Begawan BS8675, Brunei Darussalam
6Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, University Putra Malaysia (UPM), 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

Received 4 October 2013; Accepted 20 January 2014; Published 27 March 2014

Academic Editors: M. W. Bo and L. Mai

Copyright © 2014 A. Ahsan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This study represents a few basic steps of municipal solid waste management practiced in the six major cities of Bangladesh, namely, Dhaka, Chittagong, Khulna, Rajshahi, Barisal, and Sylhet. A six-month field study was conducted to identify the solid wastes management steps such as storage at source, separation, on-site storage, collection, transportation, treatment, reuse, recycling, and ultimate disposal. This study addresses the role of the city authority to meet the demand of the city dwellers in solving this emerging socioenvironmental issue and the initiatives taken by some nongovernmental organizations and community based organizations. The problems and constraints of the solid wastes management system are also identified to find a sustainable management concept for the urban areas of Bangladesh.