Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology

Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology / 1990 / Article

Biliary Tract and Pancreas | Open Access

Volume 4 |Article ID 697129 |

TL Tio, "Pancreatic Endosonography: Clinical TNM Staging Compared to Histology", Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, vol. 4, Article ID 697129, 4 pages, 1990.

Pancreatic Endosonography: Clinical TNM Staging Compared to Histology


Endosonography has been reported to be effective in the staging of gastrointestinal carcinoma. Pancreatic carcinoma is included in the new (1987) TNM classification. Resectability is abandoned in favour of depth of tumour invasion. In the author's preoperative study, endosonography was accurate for staging of tumour categories, and early stages of disease could be distinguished from advanced carcinomas. The presence or absence of regional lymph nodes can be detected. Tissue diagnosis by biopsy and endosonographyguidcd cytology is now possible. This imaging technique will become the standard procedure for the staging of pancreatic carcinoma.

Copyright © 1990 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

More related articles

 PDF Download Citation Citation
 Order printed copiesOrder

Related articles

We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly as possible. We will be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted research articles as well as case reports and case series related to COVID-19. Review articles are excluded from this waiver policy. Sign up here as a reviewer to help fast-track new submissions.