Mini-Review | Open Access
John Christiansen, "The Artificial Anal Sphincter", Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, vol. 14, Article ID 205670, 3 pages, 2000. https://doi.org/10.1155/2000/205670
The Artificial Anal Sphincter
The artificial anal sphincter as treatment for end stage anal incontinence was first described in 1987. Published series concern a total of 42 patients, with a success rate of approximately 80%. Infection has been the most serious complication, but a number of technical complications related to the device have also occurred and required revisional procedures in 40% to 60% of the patients. The artificial anal sphincter may be used for the same indications as dynamic graciloplasty except in patients with a previously irradiated or severely scarred perineum.
Copyright © 2000 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.