Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology

Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology / 2000 / Article

Open Access

Volume 14 |Article ID 985045 |

Paul Rutgeerts, "Management of Perianal Crohn's Disease", Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, vol. 14, Article ID 985045, 6 pages, 2000.

Management of Perianal Crohn's Disease


Perianal inflammation is a disabling manifestation of Crohn’s disease. The primary lesions found in perianal Crohn’s disease evolve in parallel with the disease elsewhere in the bowel. Although the spontaneous resolution of anal lesions is observed in up to half of patients, the penetrating nature of the disease may lead to secondary lesions including complex fistulae. In some patients, this, in turn, results in the gradual destruction of the sphincter apparatus and anal incontinence. These patients, after years of suffering, often require proctectomy. Control of activity, overall, is the first step in the management of perianal Crohn’s disease. Sepsis should be controlled by the drainage of abscesses and by long term use of setons. Although antibiotics and standard immunosuppression often improve perianal fistulae, their action is usually slow and incomplete. Management of perianal Crohn’s disease has changed thoroughly in the past two years since the introduction of monoclonal antibodies to tumour necrosis factor (infliximab). Complete arrest of the drainage of fistulae was obtained in 46% of patients after the administration of 5 to 10 mg/kg of infliximab at weeks 0, 2 and 6, with a median duration of effect of 12 weeks. In these patients, long term management of their bowel disease will likely require the repeated use of infliximab. Studies to evaluate this are underway.

Copyright © 2000 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

More related articles

 PDF Download Citation Citation
 Order printed copiesOrder

We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly as possible. We will be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted research articles as well as case reports and case series related to COVID-19. Review articles are excluded from this waiver policy. Sign up here as a reviewer to help fast-track new submissions.