Original Article | Open Access
Fátima Serejo, Ingrid Emerit, Paulo Manuel Filipe, Afonso Camilo Fernandes, Maria Adília Costa, João Pedro Freitas, Miguel Carneiro de Moura, "Oxidative Stress in Chronic Hepatitis C: The Effect of Interferon Therapy and Correlation with Pathological Features", Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, vol. 17, Article ID 710693, 7 pages, 2003. https://doi.org/10.1155/2003/710693
Oxidative Stress in Chronic Hepatitis C: The Effect of Interferon Therapy and Correlation with Pathological Features
AIMS: To evaluate the oxidative stress parameters before, during and after interferon treatment.PATIENTS/METHODS: Twenty patients were treated with interferon α2b 5 MU, three times a week, subcutaneously, for 12 months. Liver biopsy was performed six months before treatment and at the six month follow-up. Chromosomal breakage studies were evaluated by the adjusted clastogenic score (ACS, normal value [nv] 1.1±2.4%). Plasma malondialdehyde (MDA) was measured according to the Yagi method (nv 6.6±1.4 nmol/mL) and total thiols using the Ellman’s reagent (DTNB) (nv 9.8±1.3 µmol/g protein). A serum marker of fibrogenesis, the amino-terminal propeptide of Procollagen type III (PIIIP), was quantified by radioimmunoassay (nv 0.37±0.18 U/L).RESULTS: Compared with reference samples, the plasma of patients before treatment showed an increase of ACS (9.2±3.2%, P<0.001); higher MDA values (12.6±2.7nmol/mL, P<0.001) and total plasma sulfhydryl groups (t-SH) were decreased (6.3±1.1 µmol/g protein, P<0.001). During treatment and at the follow-up, a decrease in ACS was noticed in all patients (P<0.001), but without normalization; a decrease in MDA was seen, with progressive normalization until the end of the follow up only in sustained responders (P<0.003), while an increase of t-SH was seen, with progressive normalization until the end of follow up in all patients (P<0.005). A positive correlation of ACS with grading of inflammation was found (r=0.52, P<0.03) but not with fibrosis staging. In contrast, plasma MDA correlates with fibrosis staging (r=0.51, P<0.03) and with PIIIP (r=0.57, P<0.03) but without grading of inflammation.CONCLUSIONS: The present study confirmed the presence of oxidative stress in chronic hepatitis C patients. Interferon promotes a long term inhibition of oxidative stress with concomitant improvement of activity and fibrosis. In the management of chronic hepatitis C, adjuvant therapy with antioxidants could be useful.
Copyright © 2003 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.