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Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology
Volume 21, Issue 1, Pages 17-18
Current Endoscopic Practices

Endoscopy by Nonphysicians

Elaine R Gossman

Department of Gastroenterology, Kaiser Permanente, Northwest Division, Portland, Oregon, USA

Copyright © 2007 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


In 1945, Henry J Kaiser organized a group of physicians to provide health care for shipyard workers and their families. His foundation, Kaiser Permanente (USA), has developed into a prepaid health plan facility serving 8.4 million members in nine states and in Washington, DC, within the United States. It aspires to provide high quality, affordable, integrated health care within an organized, efficient system. A focus on preventive care in a cost-effective manner is a high priority. The Kaiser Permanente northwest region (covering northwest Oregon and southwest Washington) serves nearly one-half of a million members. Our region has utilized nurse practitioners (NPs) and physician assistants (PAs) (allied health care providers) in a variety of capacities for many years. The present paper reviews the background and current status of their role in endoscopy.