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Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology
Volume 22, Issue 12, Pages 993-998
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2008/583470
Review

Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy in Children

Wael El-Matary

Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Stollery Children's Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

Received 30 July 2008; Accepted 18 August 2008

Copyright © 2008 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy has been a valuable tool in nutritional rehabilitation since its inception in 1980. Although it was originally described in children, a large sector of the adult population is dependant on it for nutritional support. Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tube insertion is generally a safe procedure. Nevertheless, variable incidence rates of complications have been reported. The present review highlights the up-to-date indications, contraindications and complications of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy in children, along with a discussion of issues that need further exploring through future research.