Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology

Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology / 2009 / Article

Brief Communication | Open Access

Volume 23 |Article ID 836938 | https://doi.org/10.1155/2009/836938

Adam Hofmann, Yanick Beaulieu, Francis Bernard, Philippe Rico, "Fulminant Legionellosis in Two Patients Treated with Infliximab for Crohn’s Disease: Case Series and Literature Review", Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, vol. 23, Article ID 836938, 5 pages, 2009. https://doi.org/10.1155/2009/836938

Fulminant Legionellosis in Two Patients Treated with Infliximab for Crohn’s Disease: Case Series and Literature Review

Received13 Mar 2009
Accepted22 Mar 2009

Abstract

Two cases of fulminant pulmonary legionellosis, complicated by prolonged intensive care unit stays and acute respiratory distress syndrome, and who were recently treated with infliximab for Crohn’s disease, are described. A review of the literature revealed three additional cases in patients with inflammatory bowel disease, and a total of 22 cases of Legionella pneumophila pneumonia in the context of treatment with antitumour necrosis (TNF)-alpha medications. The median age of the patients was 49 years, and men and women were affected equally. The case fatality rate was 14% (three of 22). Early recognition and treatment of this anti-TNF-alpha-related complication would likely result in reduced mortality and morbidity. Physicians prescribing anti-TNF-alpha drugs should be aware of this association.

Copyright © 2009 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


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