Original Article | Open Access
Rabeprazole Combined with Hydrotalcite is Effective for Patients with Bile Reflux Gastritis after Cholecystectomy
BACKGROUND: Regardless of surgical technique, patients who have undergone cholecystectomy appear to be predisposed to the development of bile reflux gastritis.OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of rabeprazole and hydrotalcite in patients with bile reflux gastritis after cholecystectomy.METHODS: Postcholecystectomy patients with bile reflux gastritis confirmed by endoscopy and 24 h gastric bilirubin monitoring were randomly assigned to one of four eight-week treatments: observation (group A), rabeprazole alone (group B), hydrotalcite alone (group C) and rabeprazole in combination with hydrotalcite (group D). Endoscopy and 24 h gastric bilirubin monitoring were repeated in all patients after treatment. Dyspeptic symptoms of abdominal pain, bloating, heartburn, bitter taste, endoscopic and histological finding, and biliary reflux were evaluated before and after treatment.RESULTS: After administering medication, patient symptoms in groups B, C and D were relieved – most significantly in group D (P<0.05). There were no significant differences in endoscopic hyperemia and histological inflammation among the groups (P>0.05). However, histological activity, the number of reflux episodes and the number of reflux episodes lasting longer than 5 min were significantly decreased only in group D (P<0.05). The total per cent of bilirubin absorption (value of 0.14 units or greater) time was decreased in groups B, C and D, and most significantly in group D (P<0.05).CONCLUSION: Rabeprazole combined with hydrotalcite is an effective therapeutic option in the treatment of patients with bile reflux gastritis after cholecystectomy.
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