Risk Factors for Mortality in Patients with Alcoholic Hepatitis and Assessment of Prognostic Models: A Population-Based Study
BACKGROUND: Severe alcoholic hepatitis (AH) is associated with a substantial risk for short-term mortality.OBJECTIVES: To identify prognostic factors and validate well-known prognostic models in a Canadian population of patients hospitalized for AH.METHODS: In the present retrospective study, patients hospitalized for AH in Calgary, Alberta, between January 2008 and August 2012 were included. Stepwise logistic regression models identified independent risk factors for 90-day mortality, and the discrimination of prognostic models (Model for End-stage Liver Disease [MELD] and Maddrey discriminant function [DF]) were examined using areas under the ROC curves.RESULTS: A total of 122 patients with AH were hospitalized during the study period; the median age was 49 years (interquartile range [IQR] 42 to 55 years) and 60% were men. Median MELD score and Maddrey DF on admission were 21 (IQR 18 to 24) and 45 (IQR 26 to 62), respectively. Seventy-three percent of patients received corticosteroids and/or pentoxifylline, and the 90-day mortality was 17%. Independent predictors of mortality included older age, female sex, international normalized ratio, MELD score and Maddrey DF (all P<0.05). For discrimination of 90-day mortality, the areas under the ROC curves of the prognostic models (MELD 0.64; Maddrey DF 0.68) were similar (P>0.05). At optimal cut-offs of ≥22 for MELD score and ≥37 for Maddrey DF, both models excluded death with high certainty (negative predictive values 90% and 96%, respectively).CONCLUSIONS: In patients hospitalized for AH, well-known prognostic models can be used to predict 90-day mortality, particularly to identify patients with a low risk for death.