Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology / 2016 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Esophageal Intramural Pseudodiverticulosis and Concomitant Eosinophilic Esophagitis: A Case Series

Table 1

Demographics, comorbidities, clinical presentation, and endoscopic and histologic findings for all patients, including the subgroup analysis of patients with EIPD and with EoE and pseudodiverticulosis.

CharacteristicsAll patients ()Patients with EIPD ()Patients with EoE and pseudodiverticulosis () value

Demographics
 Age, mean (SD)50.8 (17.4)58.1 (15.9)34.8 (6.4)
 Male sex, (%)11 (68.8)7 (63.6)4 (80.0)NS
 Female sex, (%)5 (31.2)4 (36.4)1 (20.0)
 BMI, mean (SD)25.1 (4.5)23.9 (5.1)27.6 (2.0)0.221
 Smoking, (%)8 (50.0)6 (54.5)1 (20.0)0.308
 Alcohol abuse, (%)4 (25.0)4 (36.4)0 (0)0.245

Comorbidities
 Allergies, including asthma and atopic dermatitis, (%)7 (43.8)2 (18.1)5 (100)
 GERD, (%)14 (87.5)11 (100.0)3 (60.0)0.083
 Diabetes mellitus, (%)2 (12.5)2 (18.1)0 (0)NS

Clinical presentation
 Dysphagia to solids, (%)14 (87.5)9 (81.8)5 (100)NS
 Dysphagia to solids and liquids, (%)2 (12.5)2 (18.1)0 (0)
 Food bolus obstruction, (%)9 (56.3)4 (36.4)5 (100)

Endoscopic findings
 Pseudodiverticulosis of the proximal esophagus, (%)8 (50.0)9 (81.8)0 (0)
 Pseudodiverticulosis of the mid-to-distal esophagus, (%)6 (37.5)1 (9.1)5 (100)
 Diffuse pseudodiverticulosis, (%)1 (6.3)1 (9.1)0 (0)
 Typical endoscopic features of EoE (multiringed esophagus and linear furrows)5 (31.2)0 (0)5 (100)0.0002
 Esophageal Stricture, (%)11 (68.8)8 (72.7)3 (60.0)NS
Candidiasis, (%)2 (12.5)2 (18.1)0 (0)NS

EIPD: esophageal intramural pseudodiverticulosis; EoE: eosinophilic esophagitis; SD: standard deviation; NS: not significant; BMI: body mass index; GERD: gastroesophageal reflux disease.
Significant differences between groups.

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