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Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 5234969, 11 pages
Review Article

Evaluation of Antiviral Therapy Performed after Curative Therapy in Patients with HBV-Related Hepatocellular Carcinoma: An Updated Meta-Analysis

Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Hefei 230032, China

Received 22 July 2015; Accepted 1 September 2015

Copyright © 2016 Peng Yuan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Background. The long-term prognosis after curative therapy for hepatitis B virus- (HBV-) related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains unsatisfactory due to the high incidence of recurrence. The effect of treatment with nucleotide analogues (NAs) in patients with HBV-related HCC after curative therapy remains unclear. Objective. To assess the impact of using NAs after curative therapy. Method. A computerized literature search was performed; eligible studies were identified from databases. The pooled risk ratios (RRs) and 95% CIs were calculated using Review Manager 5.3. Result. The meta-analysis included a total of 15 studies with 8060 patients. The one-year and three-year recurrence (one-year recurrence: RR 0.41 [95% CI 0.28 to 0.61]; ; three-year recurrence: RR 0.63 [95% CI 0.43 to 0.94]; ) and the one-, three-, and five-year overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) were significantly better in the treatment group. Conclusion. NAs can reduce the recurrence and improve the prognosis of HBV-related HCC after curative therapy.