Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology / 2017 / Article / Tab 4

Clinical Study

Maintenance of Remission with Partial Enteral Nutrition Therapy in Pediatric Crohn’s Disease: A Retrospective Study

Table 4

Changes in weight, height, BMI, and wPCDAI over time.

CovariatePEN group Control group value

Weight (kg), mean ± SD
 Before EEN/at diagnosis
 After EEN/eight weeks after diagnosis
 After six months of PEN/eight months after diagnosis
Height (m), mean ± SD
 Before EEN/at diagnosis
 After EEN/eight weeks after diagnosis
 After six months of PEN/eight months after diagnosis
BMI, mean ± SD
 Before EEN/at diagnosis0.001
 After EEN/eight weeks after diagnosis0.03
 After six months of PEN/eight months after diagnosis0.006
wPCDAI, median 25–75%
 Before EEN/at diagnosis30.0 20–4030.0 25–42.50.70
 After EEN/eight weeks after diagnosis5.0 0–12.510.0 7.5–17.50.005
 After three months of PEN/five months after diagnosis7.5 0–17.511.3 5–27.50.16
 After one year of PEN/one year after diagnosis3.8 0–13.810.0 0–200.12
 After two years of PEN/two years after diagnosis17.5 10–2010.0 2.5–23.80.43
 After three years of PEN/three years after diagnosis17.5 5–17.515.0 0–21.90.88

BMI, body mass index; EEN, exclusive enteral nutrition; PEN, partial enteral nutrition; wPCDAI, weighted Pediatric Crohn’s Disease Activity Index. Control group. Calculated with Chi-square or Fisher’s exact test for categorical data and independent samples -test for continuous variables. Calculated with Mann–Whitney tests.