Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases and Medical Microbiology

Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases and Medical Microbiology / 1994 / Article

Original Article | Open Access

Volume 5 |Article ID 786090 |

Theresa W Gyorkos, Evelyne Kokoskin-Nelson, J Dick MacLean, Julio C Soto, "Parasite Contamination of Sand and Soil from Daycare Sandboxes and Play Areas", Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases and Medical Microbiology, vol. 5, Article ID 786090, 4 pages, 1994.

Parasite Contamination of Sand and Soil from Daycare Sandboxes and Play Areas

Received23 Feb 1993
Accepted14 Apr 1993


Objectives: To determine if there was parasite contamination in the sand and soil in daycare sandboxes and play areas, with the goal of developing practice guidelines for their management.Methods: One hundred samples of sand and soil from 10 daycare centres in different regions of the province of Quebec, collected between April 22 and May 6, 1991, were examined.Results: Toxocara eggs were found in both surface and subsurface sand from two Montreal centres and co-occurred with Ascaris species (surface sand) in one centre and with hookworm (surface soil) in the second. Hookworm eggs were also recovered from one centre in the Quebec City region.Conclusions: These results document the presence of potentially pathogenic helminth parasites in the daycare environment. Evidence from the literature regarding the health risk to children is insufficient and highlights the need for further research into the assessment of the risk of human infection and morbidity, the viability of these parasites under different environmental conditions and practical issues related to the management of sand and soil.

Copyright © 1994 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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