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Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases
Volume 5 (1994), Issue 1, Pages 28-32
Case Report

Disseminated Mycobacterium chelonae Infection Presenting as Progressive Multifocal Osteomyelitis: Report of Two Cases and a Review of the Literature

David A Oelberg, Jack Mendelson, Mark A Miller, and Andre Dascal

Sir Mortimer B Davis-Jewish General Hospital, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

Received 13 November 1992; Accepted 2 February 1993

Copyright © 1994 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Two long term hospitalized patients developed disseminated infections caused by Mycobacterium chelonae, subspecies chelonae, over an eight-month period. In both cases, the disease was characterized by cutaneous and osseous involvement. The infections were indolent and marked by progressive bony destruction. These cases and a review of the literature are presented.