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Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases
Volume 6 (1995), Issue 2, Pages 76-82
Original Article

Comparative Activity of Several Antimicrobial Agents against Nosocomial Gram-Negative Rods Isolated across Canada

Shelley R Scriver, Canadian Antimicrobial Resistance Study Group, and Donald E Low

Department of Microbiology, Mount Sinai and Princess Margaret Hospitals, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Received 4 August 1994; Accepted 13 October 1994

Copyright © 1995 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


In 1992, a surveillance study was performed in Canada to determine the susceptibility of nosocomial Gram-negative rods to several wide spectrum antimicrobials. Consecutive isolates from 10 institutions, as well as additional strains of selected species of Enterobacteriaceae that are known to possess the Bush group 1 beta-lactamase, were tested for susceptibility to 12 antimicrobials. Third-generation cephalosporin resistance was found to be as high as 29% in Enterobacter cloacae that possesses the Bush group 1 beta-lactamase and less than 4% in those isolates not possessing this enzyme. Cefepime equalled or exceeded the activity of the third-generation cephalosporins against the species of Enterobacteriaceae that demonstrated resistance to the third-generation cephalosporins.