Original Article | Open Access
Geoffrey Taylor, Maureen Buchanan-Chell, Teresa Kirkland, Margaret McKenzie, Rhoda Wiens, "Long Term Trends in the Occurrence of Nosocomial Blood Stream Infection", Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases and Medical Microbiology, vol. 11, Article ID 393194, 5 pages, 2000. https://doi.org/10.1155/2000/393194
Long Term Trends in the Occurrence of Nosocomial Blood Stream Infection
OBJECTIVE: To determine trends in the occurrence of nosocomial blood stream infection at the University of Alberta Hospital.METHODS: A prospective survey of nosocomial blood stream infection was conducted; cases from August 1986 to December 1996 were reviewed. Cases were detected by a review of positive blood cultures reported by the microbiology laboratory. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention definitions of nosocomial infection were used to categorize isolates as nosocomial, community acquired or contaminant.RESULTS: There were 2389 cases; primary bacteremia was the most common source (57%), followed by urinary tract, respiratory tract and surgical site sources (10% each). The nosocomial blood steam infection rate rose progressively from 6.0/1000 admissions and 4.59/10,000 patient days in 1986 to 11.2/1000 admissions and 14.31/10,000 days in 1996 (P<0.01); 48% of the total increase in rate occurred between 1995 and 1996. Significant increases occurred between 1986 and 1996 in primary infections (from 3.2 to 7.5/1000 admissions, P<0.01) and infections from all secondary sources (from 2.5 to 3.8/1000 admissions, P=0.01). Coagulase-negative staphylococci (27%), Staphylococcus aureus (19%) and enterococci (9%) were the most common microbial causes. Aerobic Gram-negative bacilli accounted for 28% and candida for 6%. Coagulase-negative staphylococci, enterococci and candida all became more prevalent as causes of infection over the study period.CONCLUSIONS: The nosocomial blood stream infection rate in the hospital has nearly doubled in the past 10 years, largely due to increased primary bacteremia.
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