Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases and Medical Microbiology

Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases and Medical Microbiology / 2012 / Article

Original Article | Open Access

Volume 23 |Article ID 987476 | 5 pages | https://doi.org/10.1155/2012/987476

Supra-Additive Expression of Interleukin-6, Interleukin-8 and Basic Fibroblast Growth Factor in Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells Following Coinfection with Chlamydia pneumoniae and Cytomegalovirus as a Novel Link between Infection and Atherosclerosis

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Chlamydia pneumoniae and human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) may be involved in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. Prospective studies indicate an increased risk for cardiovascular events in patients with evidence of multiple infections.OBJECTIVE: To determine whether there is a synergistic effect of coinfection with C pneumoniae and HCMV on expression of selected growth factors and cytokines.METHODS: The production of interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), and ‘regulated on activation normal T-cell expressed and secreted’ (RANTES) was measured in coinfected aortic smooth muscle cells (AoSMC).RESULTS: Using reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and immunoassays, it was demonstrated that the expression of IL-6, IL-8, RANTES and bFGF was stimulated in a dose- and time-dependent fashion in C pneumoniae and also in HCMV-infected cultures. In contrast, the expression of PDGF-AA was only stimulated following HCMV infection. Coinfection with C pneumoniae and HCMV resulted in a supra-additive stimulation of IL-6 (30% increased expression, P≤0.05) at 48 h, IL-8 (137% increased expression, P≤0.001) at 24 h and bFGF (209% increased expression, P≤0.01) at 48 h following infection.CONCLUSIONS: The findings of the present study show that C pneumoniae and HCMV are able to act in synergy in coinfected AoSMC. The supra-additive induction of AoSMC growth factors and cytokines indicates a novel molecular link between infection and vascular disease development.

Copyright © 2012 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


More related articles

272 Views | 282 Downloads | 3 Citations
 PDF  Download Citation  Citation
 Order printed copiesOrder

Related articles

We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly and safely as possible. Any author submitting a COVID-19 paper should notify us at help@hindawi.com to ensure their research is fast-tracked and made available on a preprint server as soon as possible. We will be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted articles related to COVID-19. Sign up here as a reviewer to help fast-track new submissions.