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Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases and Medical Microbiology
Volume 25, Issue 3, Pages 163-169
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/329541
Original Article

Prevalence of Plasmid-Mediated Quinolone Resistance Genes among Ciprofloxacin-Nonsusceptible Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae Isolated from Blood Cultures in Korea

Hee Young Yang,1 You Sun Nam,2 and Hee Joo Lee3

1Department of Laboratory Medicine, Kosin University College of Medicine, Busan and Department of Medicine, Republic of Korea
2Department of Biomedical Science, Graduate School, Kyung Hee University, Republic of Korea
3Department of Laboratory Medicine, Kyung Hee University School of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea

Copyright © 2014 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:To analyze the prevalence of plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance (PMQR) determinants in ciprofloxacin-nonsusceptible Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae isolated from patients at a tertiary care hospital in Korea.

METHODS: A total of 102 nonduplicate isolates of ciprofloxacin-intermediate or ciprofloxacin-resistant E coli (n=80) and K pneumoniae (n=22) from blood cultures were obtained. The qnr (qnrA, qnrB, qnrS), aac(6′)-Ib-cr, qepA and oqxAB genes were detected using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and confirmed using direct sequencing. To determine whether the PMQR-positive plasmid was horizontally transferable, conjugation experiments were performed.

RESULTS: Of the 102 isolates, 81 (79.4%) had one or more PMQR genes; these consisted of 59 (73.8%) E coli and 22 (100%) K pneumoniae isolates. The qnr genes were present in 15 isolates (14.7%): qnrB4 was detected in 10.8% and qnrS1 was detected in 3.9%. The aac(6′)-Ib-cr, qepA and oqxAB genes were detected in 77.5%, 3.9% and 10.8%, respectively. In conjugation experiments, PMQR genes were successfully transferred from seven (8.6%) isolates. The range of minimum inhibitory concentrations of ciprofloxacin for these seven transconjugants increased to 0.5 mg/L to 1 mg/L, which was 16- to 33-fold that of the recipient E coli J53 bacteria.

CONCLUSIONS: PMQR genes were highly prevalent among ciprofloxacin-nonsusceptible E coli and K pneumoniae from blood cultures in the authors’ hospital. Therefore, it is necessary to monitor for the spread of PMQR genes of clinical isolates and to ensure careful antibiotic use in a hospital setting.