Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases and Medical Microbiology
Volume 2016, Article ID 1280247, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/1280247
Research Article

Outbreak of Norovirus GII.P17-GII.17 in the Canadian Province of Nova Scotia

1Nova Scotia Health Authority (NSHA), Halifax, NS, Canada B3H 1V8
2Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada B3H 4R2
3Provincial Public Health Laboratory Network of Nova Scotia (PPHLN), Halifax, NS, Canada B3H 1V8
4National Microbiology Laboratory (NML), Winnipeg, MB, Canada R3E 3R2
5University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, Canada R3T 2N2

Received 15 September 2015; Accepted 13 December 2015

Copyright © 2016 Jason J. LeBlanc et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, “Updated norovirus outbreak management and disease prevention guidelines,” MMWR Recommendations and Reports, vol. 60, pp. 1–18, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  2. J. Vinjé, “Advances in laboratory methods for detection and typing of norovirus,” Journal of Clinical Microbiology, vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 373–381, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. B.-L. Rooney, J. Pettipas, E. Grudeski et al., “Detection of circulating norovirus genotypes: hitting a moving target,” Virology Journal, vol. 11, article 129, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. A. Kroneman, E. Vega, H. Vennema et al., “Proposal for a unified norovirus nomenclature and genotyping,” Archives of Virology, vol. 158, no. 10, pp. 2059–2068, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. K. Debbink, L. C. Lindesmith, E. F. Donaldson et al., “Emergence of new pandemic GII.4 Sydney norovirus strain correlates with escape from herd immunity,” Journal of Infectious Diseases, vol. 208, no. 11, pp. 1877–1887, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. J.-S. Eden, M. M. Tanaka, M. F. Boni, W. D. Rawlinson, and P. A. White, “Recombination within the pandemic norovirus GII.4 lineage,” Journal of Virology, vol. 87, no. 11, pp. 6270–6282, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. J. Lu, L. Sun, L. Fang et al., “Gastroenteritis outbreaks caused by norovirus GII.17, Guangdong Province, China, 2014-2015,” Emerging Infectious Diseases, vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 1240–1242, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. M. Graaf, J. van Beek, A. T. Podkolzin et al., “Emergence of a novel GII.17 norovirus: end of the GII.4 era?” Eurosurveillance, vol. 20, no. 26, article 2, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  9. G. I. Parra and K. Y. Green, “Genome of emerging norovirus GII.17, United States, 2014,” Emerging Infectious Diseases, vol. 21, no. 8, pp. 1477–1479, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. P. Khamrin, A. Thongprachum, S. Takanashi et al., “Evaluation of immunochromatography tests for detection of novel GII.17 norovirus in stool samples,” Eurosurveillance, vol. 20, no. 28, Article ID 21185, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. National Institutes for Public Health and the Environment, Norovirus genotyping tool Version 1.0, November 2015, http://www.rivm.nl/mpf/norovirus/typingtool.
  12. Cyberinfrastructure for Phylogenetic Research (CIPRES) Science Gateway, November 2015, https://www.phylo.org/.
  13. EvolGenius, November 2015, http://www.evolgenius.info.
  14. National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/.
  15. Basic Local Alignment Search Tool (BLAST), 2015, http://blast.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/Blast.cgi.
  16. M. C. Medici, F. Tummolo, A. Calderaro et al., “Identification of the novel Kawasaki 2014 GII.17 human norovirus strain in Italy, 2015,” Eurosurveillance, vol. 20, no. 35, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. M. C. Chan, T. N. Hung, K. Kwok, and P. K. Chan, “Complete genome sequence of a novel recombinant GII.Pe_GII.17 norovirus strain from Hong Kong in 2015,” Genome Announcements, vol. 3, no. 6, p. e01338-15, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  18. E. Vega, L. Barclay, N. Gregoricus, K. Williams, D. Lee, and J. Vinjé, “Novel surveillance network for norovirus gastroenteritis outbreaks, United States,” Emerging Infectious Diseases, vol. 17, no. 8, pp. 1389–1395, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus