Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases and Medical Microbiology / 2017 / Article / Tab 4

Review Article

Evidences of the Low Implication of Mosquitoes in the Transmission of Mycobacterium ulcerans, the Causative Agent of Buruli Ulcer

Table 4

MU distribution among mosquitoes developmental stages, cuticles, and breeding waters.

Nature of the samplesMosquitoes developmental stagesDistribution of MU targetsPool positive/pool testedPresence of MU
Mean Cts (IS2404)Mean Cts (KR-B)

Eggs19 ± 1.7921 ± 2.224/4Yes
L127.67 ± 2.6631.59 ± 3.154/4Yes
L229.92 ± 2.5833.06 ± 2.984/4Yes
L331.36 ± 2.9834.33 ± 3.344/4Yes
L431.38 ± 2.2035.03 ± 1.173/4Yes
PupaeNoCtNoCt0/4No
Adults37.89NoCt0/4No

Mosquito EggsNANANANA
L130.72 ± 1.7836.51 ± 2.094/4Yes
L234.25 ± 2.8336.82 ± 1.653/4Yes
L334.1339.531/4Yes
L4NoCtNoCt0/4No
Pupae38NoCt0/4No
AdultsNANANANA

Mosquito breeding Eggs18.43 ± 2.0321.49 ± 1.634/4Yes
L123.04 ± 3.1930.61 ± 2.804/4Yes
L222.71 ± 2.5931.88 ± 2.604/4Yes
L328.4 ± 2.8633.53 ± 3.004/4Yes
L432.00 ± 2.6435.94 ± 1.043/4Yes
Pupae33.6535.471/4Yes
AdultsNANANANA

L1, 2, 3, and 4 correspond to first, second, third, and fourth instars larvae, respectively. Yes or no corresponds to the presence or the absence of the bacteria in analyzed samples. NA stands for not applicable. bacterial loads did not vary significantly among the developmental stages ().

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