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Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases and Medical Microbiology
Volume 2018, Article ID 9182747, 4 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/9182747
Research Article

Multidrug-Resistant Acinetobacter baumannii: An Emerging Health Threat in Aseer Region, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

1Department of Microbiology and Clinical Parasitology, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia
2Microbiology Laboratories, Aseer Central Hospital, Abha, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence should be addressed to Mohammed K. Almaghrabi; as.ude.ukk@ibarhgamlam

Received 25 May 2017; Revised 31 October 2017; Accepted 14 December 2017; Published 4 February 2018

Academic Editor: José A. Oteo

Copyright © 2018 Mohammed K. Almaghrabi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. The study aims to determine the prevalence of multidrug-resistant A. baumannii in Aseer Region, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Methods. This study evaluated the antibiotic susceptibility of ninety-four (n = 94) clinical isolates of A. baumannii. The isolates were collected from the south region of Saudi Arabia, and notably Aseer Region, during the period from 15 October 2014 to 15 January 2015. The isolates were tentatively identified as A. baumannii by routine bench tests and were confirmed by using VITEK® 2 Compact. The latest instrument was used to identify antibiotic susceptibility of these isolates. Results. Antibiotic susceptibility in this study showed that 69% of these isolates were multidrug-resistant strains. Moreover, they were highly resistant to carbapenem drugs. Several strains of these isolates were found to be extremely resistant to test antibiotics and were only sensitive to one or two of them. Conclusion. High rate of multidrug-resistant A. baumannii bacteraemia has emerged in the south region of Saudi Arabia as an important health problem. Therefore, it is considered as a new threat in hospitals, which requires a tremendous effort to stop its escalation and spread.