Research Article | Open Access
Inclusion Properties of New Classes of Analytic Functions
The purpose of the present paper is to introduce certain new subclasses of analytic functions defined by Srivastava-Attiya operator and study their inclusion relationships and to obtain some interesting consequences of the inclusion relations.
1. Introduction, Definitions, and Preliminaries
Let be the class of analytic functions defined on the unit disk , normalized by the conditions . Let be the subclass of consisting of univalent functions. Let denote the class of analytic convex univalent functions defined in satisfying the conditions and for all .
For any two analytic functions and defined in the unit disc , we say that is subordinate to in , denoted by , if is univalent in , and .
The convolution or the Hadamard product of two analytic functions with power series representations convergent in is the function , with power series representation The following classes of functions were defined by Shanmugam .
For a fixed analytic function and , We note that .
When and , , the class of starlike functions; , the class of convex functions; and , the class of close to convex functions.
The generalized Hurwitz-Lerch Zeta function is defined as where .
This function contains, as its special cases, functions such as the Riemann and Hurwitz zeta function, Lerch zeta function, the polylogarithmic function, and the Lipschitz Lerch zeta function.
Several interesting properties and characteristics of the Hurwitz-Lerch zeta function can be found in the recent investigations by Choi and Srivastava , Ferreira and López , Garg et al. , Lin and Srivastava , and Lin et al. .
Using this function, Srivastava and Attiya  introduced the following family of linear operator , defined by where the function is given by Using (6) in (5), we get For and , where denotes Alexander transform  and denotes Bernardi integral operator .
By (7), Srivastava and Attiya obtained the following relation: In order to obtain our main results, we need the following lemmas.
Lemma 1 (see ). Let and be constants. Let be convex univalent in with and for in . Let be analytic in with . Then
Lemma 2 (see ). Let and be constants. Let be convex univalent in with and for in . Let be analytic in with . Let be analytic in with . Then
Lemma 3 (see ). Let a function be analytic in and . If there exists a point such that and , then where and .
2. Main Results
First we will define a subclass as follows.
Definition 4. For a fixed analytic function and a real ,
Remark 5. When , , and , reduces to the class .
Theorem 6. For , .
Proof. Let and .
Note that is analytic and .
Then, Hence where Since .
Thus, by using Lemma 2, That is, .
In the following, we obtain an inclusion relation of the class .
Theorem 7. For .
Theorem 8. Let . If then , for .
Proof. Let .
We prove the result by mathematical induction on .
When , .
When , set Clearly, is analytic and .
From (9), we get By logarithmic differentiation and multiplication by , we get As , by Lemma 1, we get .
That is, .
Suppose that .
Set Clearly, is analytic and .
From (9), we get By logarithmic differentiation and multiplication by , we get Hence, by Lemma 1, , for .
That is, , which proves the result.
Theorem 9. Let . If then , for .
Proof. Let .
Remark 10. The Bernardi integral operator preserves both the classes and whenever .
Corollary 11. Let , , and .(i)If then .(ii)If then .
Theorem 12. Let and Then
In the following, we introduce certain classes of analytic functions defined by Srivastava-Attiya operator and investigate their inclusion relationships.
Let and .
Definition 13. For and , let
Definition 14. For and , let
Remark 15. Clearly, if and only if .
Definition 16. For and , let
Remark 17. We note that
Theorem 18. If , then .
Proof. Let . Then,
where is analytic and .
Using (42) in (9), we get On logarithmic differentiation and multiplication by , we arrive at Since is convex univalent in with and , Lemma 1 and the subordination relation (44) gives proving the theorem.
Theorem 19. If , then .
Proof. Let .
Theorem 20. If , then .
Proof. Let . Then, by Definition 16, there exists a function such that
Using Theorem 18, we get .
Thus, where is analytic.
Let where is analytic and .
Now, making use of (9), Simplifying the above, using (48) and (49), and then using (47) we arrive at Since is convex univalent in with and , Lemma 2 and the subordination relation (51) gives proving the assertion.
Now, we consider certain interesting consequences of the above inclusion relationships.
Corollary 21. Suppose that .(i)If then .(ii)If then .(iii)If then .
Corollary 22. Suppose that and . (i)If then .(ii)If then .(iii)If then .
Using Srivastava-Attiya integral operator, we introduce some classes of analytic functions, analogous to the class of strongly starlike functions of order and the class of strongly convex functions of order , and study the properties of the newly defined classes.
Let , , , , and .
Definition 23. Let
Definition 24. Let
Remark 25. Clearly, if and only if .
Remark 26. For , , is the class of strongly starlike functions of order and is the class of strongly convex functions of order .
Now we prove inclusion relationships for the above defined classes.
Theorem 27. Suppose that . Then for each .
Proof. Let .
We set where is analytic in , and for all .
Using (9) and (55), we have On logarithmic differentiation and multiplication by , we get Suppose that there exists a point such that Then, applying Lemma 3, we can write Thus, if , then from (57) This implies that which contradicts the condition that .
Similarly, if arg , then we obtain that which also contradicts the condition that .
Thus we have That is,
Theorem 28. Suppose that . Then , for .
Proof. Let .
Conflict of Interests
The authors declare that there is no conflict of interests regarding the publication of this paper.
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